Swwet Cicely Herb Flower

Sweet Cicely Herb

Osmorhiza longistylis, Osmorhiza claytoni

Other Names: Anise-root, Longstyle Sweet-root, American Sweet Cicely, Licorice root, Wild Anise

This Sweet Cicely is a Northern American Native.
It is not the European Sweet Cicely, Myrrhis Odorata or the Anise Plant Pimpinella anisum.

Sweet Cicely Herbal Folklore

The following information is based on historical uses found in herbal lore and unscientific claims.
I couldn't find any research on this herb to prove benefits or safety issues it may have in humans.

  • Sweet Cicely was used extensively by Native American Indian tribes to treat digestive disorders and as an antiseptic wash.
  • Sweet Cicely root is said to being the most active part for herbal use.
  • A medicinal tea made from the root is used for a digestive aid and gentle stimulant for weak stomachs.
  • A weak herb infusion of Sweet Cicely was used to bath sore eyes.
  • The crushed root is said to be an effective antiseptic poultice for the treatment of boils and wounds.
  • Herbal cough syrup has been made of the fresh juice and honey.

Sweet Cicely, Anise Root, plant picture

Sweet Cicely Plant
Larger Sweet Cicely pictures

Sweet Cicely Habitat and Description

Sweet Cicely is a North American native perennial herb, found growing in rich woods and thickets from Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Ontario, Alabama, Tennessee, Kansas and Colorado.

The root of Sweet Cicely  is a very aromatic with a strong smell of licorice. It is thick with long branches, light brown out side and white fleshy inside, a little fibrous with a sweet taste. You begin to smell it as soon as the ground is broken. You will find earthworms next to the roots.

The fern-like leaves have egg shaped leaflets that are deeply lobed and toothed. The stem is branched it grows from 2 to 3 feet high, it is reddish and smooth with many lacy light green, leaves and white flowers in an umbelliferae atop the stem. The sweet scented flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). The plant is self-fertile and blooms from April to May. Later, the seeds will stick to clothing when you brush against it.

Growing Sweet Cicely

Sweet Cicely is a very attractive plant that succeeds in any deep moisture-retentive soil in part or full shade.
Grow from seed or rootlets.

Harvesting and Using Sweet Cicely

The leaves and flowers are edible in salad and add a great flavor, or boiled and eaten as a potherb. The root is eaten raw or dried and ground for use as spices.

Gather the edible roots, flowers and leaves in spring, as soon as they bloom. Dry roots for later herb use.

Fennel seed substitute: Cut root into small pieces, dry, grind, and sprinkle on pizza instead of fennel seed.

Herbal tea: Use fresh or dried root 1 tsp. to a cup of water, bring to boil, steep 10 minutes.

Sweet Cicely Folklore and History

   A decoction of the herb was used as nostril wash to increase dog’s sense of smell.
The aromatic scent is said to be an aphrodisiac, used as a love medicine.


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